by C. Elkins, OK Math and Reading Lady
Welcome back to the third text structure post. Today’s focus will be on sequence / chronological order and descriptive text structures. Here are some graphic organizers to keep in mind.
Sequence / Chronological Order
1. Sequence refers to a particular order in time. This can be:
- Information presented minute by minute, hourly, weekly, monthly, yearly, etc.
- Providing information by dates (a timeline)
- Steps of how to complete something (first, second, third, etc.)
- A retelling of events in the order they happened: First, next, then, finally or beginning / middle / end. It may be helpful to use a “retelling rope”. Use a section of rope or nylon cord (approx. 1 foot long). Tie several knots along the length of it (3-5). At each knot, retell part of the story or events in sequence.
- Observing how things / people have changed over time
- Non-fiction and fiction selections
- Arranging events in order using pictures
2. Connecting sequence to strategies:
- Predict what will happen next in the sequence.
- Visualize the steps involved.
- Make personal connections regarding your own experience with the sequenced topic.
3. Sequence / Chronological order main idea / summarizing sentence frames: Suppose I read an article telling about the seasonal journey of a pod of whales. Again, the topic is whales — but this is NOT the main idea.
- (Main idea): Whales travel to different locations each season to find food and a mate.
- How to ________ step by step.
- The timeline of _________________.
- There are several steps to ______________. First, _________. Then, ___________. Last, ________.
- The life cycle of __________.
- Many things happened during _____________’s life.
- (Summarize): Whales travel to different locations each season to find food and a mate. In the spring, they ________. In the summer, ______________. In the fall, _____________. In the winter, _________.
- To make ________, follow these steps: ________________.
- The life cycle of a ___________ includes these stages: _______________.
- Many things happened during _____________’s life. In (year), he/she_____________. After that, _____________. Then, ________________. Finally, ___________________.
Descriptive Text Structure
1. Descriptive structures give details. These can be:
- Details or descriptions about a person, a place, a thing, an idea, an animal, an event, etc.
- A web graphic organizer is a good model to visualize, with the topic in the center and the supporting details branching outwards.
2. Connecting to strategies:
- Visualize what is being described, especially if there are no pictures or photos in the text.
- Ask questions about the topic such as: “I wonder . . .”
- Analyze the point of view: What is the author’s point of view. Is he/she presenting a one-sided view of the details presented?
- Make connections to the topic.
3. Description text structure main idea / summarizing sentence frames: Suppose I read an article telling interesting facts about whales (species, its habitat, what it eats, size, what it preys on, etc.). Yes, the topic is whales, but this is NOT the main idea.
- (Main idea): There are many interesting facts about whales.
- There are many interesting facts about _________________.
- This article tells about the ___________ of ________________.
- (Summarize): There are many interesting facts about whales, such as _________________.
- This article tells about the __________ of ______________. Some interesting facts include __________________ and _______________.
Pictured below is an anchor chart I made showing some easy graphic organizers and some common key words regarding all of the text structures. Focus more on the structure than the key words. Utilize the graphic organizer to help students take notes, and then use the information from the graphic organizer to state the main idea and summarize.
Resources for Sequence or Descriptive text structures:
- Reading Rockets: sequence with list of books
- Librarything.com: List of sequencing stories
- Sequence graphic organizer (free at TPT)
- Text Structure graphic organizers (Free on TPT) * This is the source of the graphics at the beginning of this post.
- Text Structure Tic-Tac-Toe ($1.99 from Ms To-do-list at TPT)
Enjoy! Looking forward to your comments about text structure! In part 4, I will share some text structure posters with you.